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Caryophylliidae


Class Anthozoa (
Sea Anemones, Corals, Sea Pens)
    Subclass Zoanthara (Hexacorallia) (Sea Anemones, Corals)
        Order Scleractina  Bourne 1900 (Stony Star Corals)
            Suborder Caryophyllina Wells 1956
                Superfamily Caryphyllioidea
Wells 1956
                    Family Caryophylliidae Vaughn and Wells 1943

The trabecular wall structure of every caryophylliid begins as a marginotheca, but transforms into a septo- or parathecal wall later in ontogeny, these more mature wall structures usually having well-developed costae . The caryophy lliids are extremely diverse in morphology, having a variety of palar shapes and configurations, columellar types, and corallum shapes.
 

Trochocyathus woolmani Vaughan 1900

Corralum short, attached, wall rather thick, ornamented externally by 24 costae.

    Trochocyathus woolmani  Vaughn 1900

    Trochocyathus woolmani  Weller 1907 p 268, pl. 5 taken from Vaughn 1900.

    Trochocyathus woolmani  Wells 1933 p. 213


Range: Woodbury, Marshalltown
Type: ANSP 685 from a well in Mt Laurel

 
 
Trochocyathus balanophylloides
Squries 1958

Need descriptions

    ? Parasmilia balanophylloides Bolsche 1870 p 215

    ? Parasmilia ? balanophylloides Wells 1933 p. 222

Range: ??

 
Trochocyathus conoides
Gabb & Horn 1861

This species is described in Weller 1907 but not in Richards 1958 .

Corallum short cornute, rapidly increasing in diameter.

    Trochosmilia conoides Gabb & Horn 1861  p. 399, pl 69, fig 12

    Trochocyathus conoides Vaughn 1901 p. 103 pl. 8 Figs 8-10


Range: ??

Also referred to in Miller 1956, Richards 1945, Richards 1947

 
 
Paracyathus ? vaughnai Weller 1907

Corallum subcylindrical in form, with a broad spreading base. The calice is very deep, reaching almost to the base of the corallum.

    Paracyathus vaughnai Weller 1907 p.270, pl. 5

    Paracyathus ? vaughnai Wells 1933 p. 218


Range: Navesink
Type
: NJSM 7544